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|タイトル: ||「スポーツ学」考 : ターミノロジー（術語学）の視点|
|その他のタイトル: ||Some Thoughts of “Sport study” : A point of view of Terminology|
|著者: ||藤井, 英嘉|
|キーワード: ||Sport Study|
Physical Education Science
|Issue Date: ||15-Mar-2004 |
|抄録: ||For the first time in Japan a university using the term“sport”for a college name, held its
entrance ceremony on April 3, 2003 and started the first step with 237 students.
The names of college, faculty and department, in compliance with Monbukagaku-sho are as
follows: college name is“Biwako Seikei Sport College (BSSC)”, faculty name is“Faculty of
Sport Study”, department‘s names are“Department of Lifelong Sport”and“Department of
Athletics”. These titles are the naming of this educational organization which are based on
“Sport study”(or Sportwissenschaft, Sport science) as an academic backbone.
Now the first edition of our college bulletin is being published, so I hope to report my
thoughts for an outline of Sport Study and to receive comments from various sources inside
and outside of school as one of the individuals in charge of establishing this college.
The term“Sport-gaku”in Japanese (known as Sport Study in English) hasn’t received
wide recognition yet, but it is used in various means by many specialists and common people.
For the following reasons; the term“Taiiku-gaku”(known as physical education sciences or
physical culture sciences),“Taiiku-kagaku”(same as Taiikugaku)“Sport-kagaku”(Sport
Science),“Undo-kagaku”(Physical Activity Sciences),“Kenko-kagaku”(Health Sciences) and
so on, are generally used as the terms for physical education and sport.
“Nihon Taiiku Gakkai”or“Japan Society of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences”
held its first research meeting in 1949, soon after World War II, so the term“Taiiku-gaku”is
familiar to many Japanese, but whether this term has been appreciated by the majority or
not, remains to be seen.
Then the following terms“Taiiku-kagaku”(Physical Education Sciences),“Sport-kagaku”
(Sport Sciences),“Undo-kagaku”(Physical Activity Sciences),“Kenko-kagaku”(Health
Sciences) and so on, were used and established themselves as academic terms.
In the nineteen-seventies,“Sports for All”and in the nineteen-eighties,“Lifelong Sport”
were emphasized and many research themes for physical education and sport were changing
to have the naming of“Sport”. At that time various academic societies of physical education and sport were established, adopting a name of“Sport”independently from each section of
the Japan Society of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences.
Examples of these include“Society of Sport History”,“Society of Sport Sociology”,
“Society of Sport Psychology”and“Society of Sport Pedagogy”. On the other hand the
university of physical education and the faculty of physical education had to undertake
educational reform. Therefore changing the name of the universities and faculties were
In 1997“Taiikudaigaku Kyougikai”(University Conference of Physical Education, Health
and Sport) established“Daigakumondai Kento-iinkai”(Investigation Committee of University
Affairs, with T. Asami as its chairman) and started to try to investigate these affairs. Then
this committee developed into“Taiikukagaku Kento Tokubetsu-iinkai”(Special Investigation
Committee of Physical Education Sciences). In 1999 this committee reported“Chukan-hokoku”
(an interim report).
In the process of this investigation some universities of physical education changed the
names of their faculties, for example from“Faculty of Physical Education”to“Faculty of
Sport Science”or to“Faculty of Sport and Health Science”.
Besides these organizational approaches, the interest in the term“Sport”was also raised
among individual researchers for physical education and sport. Recently professor Masahiro
Inagaki of Nippon Taiiku University has often referred to the term“Sport Study”in his
numerous publications about sport theory. And in 1997 a booklet titled“Sport-gaku no Mikata”
(A point of view to Sport Study) was published by Asahi News paper Company. In this
booklet Professor Tsuneo Sogawa of Waseda University claimed to have broken the wall of
“Academic taboo”with a title“Invitation to Sport Study”and with a headline“Play and
Pastime made blossoms bloom with Academism”. In this context our college was named
“Sport College”and“Faculty of Sport Study”.
Thus, the aim of this paper is to do research on various meanings of the term, by surveying
the term“Sport study”.
To make it easier for people to understand, I decided upon the following three subjects; first
“Sport-gaku Izen”(Sport Study before) second“Sport-gaku no Ima”(Sport Study at present)
and the third“Sport-gaku no Tenbo”(Perspective of the term“Sport Study”) for getting
status in the future.|
|Appears in Collections:||創刊号|
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