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|タイトル: ||スポーツ科学からスポーツ学へ : 社会学から見たパラダイムシフトの必要性|
|その他のタイトル: ||From Sport Science to Sport Study : Sociological Perspective on the Paradigm Shift|
|著者: ||海老島, 均|
|キーワード: ||Sport Science|
|Issue Date: ||15-Mar-2004 |
|抄録: ||The sociology of sport used to be treated as a sub-discipline of physical education. This
discipline experienced an inter-discipline expansion and more researchers from different
backgrounds are now involved in this field. The discussion about the methodology of sociology
of sport was occupied with the dichotomy, 'Agency or Structure'. However some newly
emerged methodologies are expected to engulf this gap. Among those are Cultural Studies
and Figuration Sociology. Figuration Sociology is versatile in depicting the process of social
change. Figurational structure of human relations is a key to analyzing society, and
unexpected and unplanned social changes happened through the web of interdependent
humans, which are the main theme in this methodology.
Review of the development of modern sports and sport science with the viewpoints of
figuration sociology gave the clear idea of a structured process of interplay between these two
The development of modern sports was characterized with the ideological ethos of
modernization, which is rationalization in pursuit of maximum efficiency. The homologized
approach to quest for peak performance was enhanced with the accumulated wisdom
acquired by the achievement of sport science. Although the world sport scene is creating a
borderless world, the competition between nations in world sporting events becomes more
severe and each nation takes a more serious attitude in creating better conditions for elite
athletes in order to gain a better position among the world sporting nations. Sport science is
well-respected as a tool to meet this need. Initially the research methodology in sport science
had been more closely related to natural science and this tendency was strengthened as the
practical virtue of this discipline is increasingly acknowledged.
However, some crucial characteristics of sport are underestimated as a research topic in
sport science, such as humanistic aspects of sport. Over-involvement of researchers in the
topic of efficient mechanism of the human body can lead to the loss of a wholistic view of the
human body and sports. The segmented image of the human body, as a machine, could deteriorate the image of sport and the sport itself.
An alternative concept for sport science is needed for restructuring the framework of
studying. The paradigm shift, introducing the new framework as‘Sport Study’, is able to
bring a rebalanced weighting of research topics in the academic studies of sport.
Sociology of sport is believed to make a contribution to redirect the distorted progress of
the study on sport.|
|Appears in Collections:||創刊号|
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